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Reducing Your Risk of Urinary Incontinence

The content below is part of the “Health Library” and is not indicative of services available at the facility.

Urinary incontinence is often a symptom of another condition. It cannot always be prevented.

In some cases, incontinence can be prevented by:

  • Emptying the bladder regularly
  • Treating constipation
  • Performing exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, such as Kegel exercises, especially if you are pregnant or have given birth
  • Making lifestyle changes, including having a healthy diet (such as, avoiding irritating fluids such as caffeine or alcohol), exercising, losing weight, and quitting smoking

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
  • Review Date: 05/2017 -
  • Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
  • Fecal and urinary incontinence in adults: clinical effectiveness to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. National Library of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK38515. Accessed May 19, 2017.

  • 3/5/2013 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T900573/Urinary-incontinence-in-women: Boyle R, Hay-Smith EJ, Cody JD, Mørkved S. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(10):CD007471.