(Anogenital Warts; Condyloma Acuminata; Human Papillomavirus [HPV]; Penile Warts; Venereal Warts; Warts, Genital)
- On the vulva
- In or around the vagina or anus
- On the cervix
- On the penis, scrotum, groin, or thigh
- Rarely, in the mouth or throat
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- Multiple sexual partners
- First male sexual partner has had two or more previous sexual partners (for women)
- Sex without condoms
- Having a weakened immune system
- Sex at an early age
- Skin-to-skin contact with an infected partner
- Previous history of genital warts or other STDs
- Vulva or vagina
- Inside or around the vagina or anus
- Tip or shaft of the penis
- Around the anus
- Imiquimod cream
- Sinecatechins ointment
- Podophyllin resin
- Podofilox solution
- Trichloroacetic acid or bichloroacetic acid
Cryosurgery, Electrocautery, or Laser Treatment
- Cryosurgery (freezing)
- Electrocautery (burning)
- Laser treatment
- Abstain from sex
- Have a monogamous relationship
- Get regular check-ups for STDs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Planned Parenthood http://www.plannedparenthood.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Sex Information and Education Council of Canada http://www.sieccan.org
Genital Warts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-warts.htm. Updated February 8, 2012. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Cervical cancer screening. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq085.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130205T1433163887. Published February 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Batista CS, Atallah AN, et al. 5-FU for genital warts in non-immunocompromised individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010 Apr 14;4:CD006562.
Condyloma acuminatum. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated March 8, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Dunne EF, Markowitz LE. Genital human papillomavirus infection. Clin Infect Dis . 2006; 43:624.
Human papillomavirus (HPV). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hpv. Updated February 1, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Human papillomavirus and genital warts. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/genitalwarts/Pages/default.aspx. Updated October 21, 2010. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Lowy DR, Schiller JT. Papillomaviruses and cervical cancer: pathogenesis and vaccine development. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr . 1998;23:27-30.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR . 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : The FUTURE II Study Group. Quadrivalent vaccine against human papillomavirus to prevent high-grade cervical lesions. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:1915-1927.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Winer RL, Feng Q, Hughes JP, O'Reilly S, Kiviat NB, Koutsky LA. Risk of female human papillomavirus acquisition associated with first male sex partner. J Infect Dis . 2008;197:279-282.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : FDA approves new indication for Gardasil to prevent genital warts in men and boys. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm187003.htm. Published October 16, 2009. Accessed October 22, 2009.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Screening for cervical cancer. United States Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspscerv.htm. Published March 2012. Accessed March 19, 2012.
Saslow D, Soloman D, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians . 2012 Mar 14 early online.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -