|The sudden withdrawal or decrease of alcohol can cause severe disturbances in the brain.|
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- History of DTs
- Other medical problems in addition to alcohol abuse
- Brain damage
- Age: Older than 30 years
- Confusion / disorientation
- Delirium —changing levels of alertness
- Trouble sleeping
- Bad dreams
- Severe agitation
- Hallucinations—the perception of a thing, voice, or person that is not present, both visual and auditory
- Delusions—a false belief that is strongly held
- Tremors of the hands, head, or body
- Severe sweating
- Rapid heartbeat
- Increased rate of breathing
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased body temperature
- You may have your bodily fluid tested. This can be done with blood tests to measure liver function, blood clotting ability, or electrolytes.
- You may need to have your brain function evaluated. This can be done with electroencephalogram (EEG).
- You may need to have pictures taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
- Calm agitation
- Ease withdrawal symptoms
- Aspirin or acetaminophen to lower fever
- Anti-seizure medicine
Vitamins and Fluids
Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.alcoholics-anonymous.org
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism http://www.niaaa.nih.gov
Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.aacanada.com
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse http://www.ccsa.ca
Alcohol withdrawal. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated August 29, 2012. Accessed February 21, 2013.
Barrons R, Roberts N. The role of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine in alcohol withdrawal syndrome. J Clin Pharm Ther . 2010;35(2):153-67.
Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Medical Information . New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc; 2000.
Braunwald E. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 15th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing; 2001.
McKeon A, Frye MA, Delanty N. The alcohol withdrawal syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psych. 2008;79:854-862.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -