- High fever
- Exposure to the heat and sun
- Excessive exercise, including athletic competitions
- Living in a nursing home or long-term care facility
- Medications, including diuretics and laxatives
- Reduced fluid intake due to certain conditions, such as movement problems, mental or memory problems, decreased ability to perceive thirst
- Fluid imbalance caused by certain conditions, such as diabetes, kidney disease, burns, and infection
- Dry mouth
- Limited tear production
- Decreased urination
- Concentrated urine—darker color, stronger odor
- Wrinkled skin or dry skin
- Parched, cracked lips
- Rapid heartbeat
- Fast breathing
- Weight loss
- In infants, sunken soft spot in the skull
|Soft Spot in Infant Skull|
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- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- Drink small amounts of oral rehydration solution throughout the day. Continue to drink the oral rehydration solution.
- Adults may need plain water or salty liquids like broth. Avoid beverages with alcohol and caffeine, carbonated soft drinks, fruit juices, and gelatin.
- Increase the amount of liquid as you can tolerate it.
- Antiemetics for severe vomiting
- Antidiarrheal medication for severe diarrhea or abdominal cramping
- Antibiotics for severe diarrhea caused by a certain bacterial infection
- Drink plenty of fluids, even if you are busy or sick.
- Drink fluids regularly while exercising or when outdoors on a hot day. Stop frequently for fluid breaks.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Dehydration and heat stroke. Wexner Medical Center website. Available at: http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare%5Fservices/emergency%5Fservices/non%5Ftraumatic%5Femergencies/dehydration%5Fheat%5Fstroke/Pages/index.aspx. Accessed December 12, 2013.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2013. Accessed December 12, 2013.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2013. Accessed December 12, 2013.
Rehydration therapy in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated May 13, 2013. Accessed December 12, 2013.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 12/12/2013 -