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Reasons for Procedure
- Diagnose a lung disease or infection
- Examine obstructions and secretions
- Obtain a tissue sample, called a biopsy
- Obtain a secretion sample
- Investigate the source of a persistent cough or blood that is being coughed up
- Check for a foreign object that may have accidentally been inhaled rather than swallowed
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Collapsed lung
- Irregular heart rate
- Sore and swollen throat
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Blood thinners
- Arrange for a ride to and from the procedure.
- The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- Spit out saliva. Do not try to swallow it while your throat muscles are numb.
- If you had a biopsy, do not cough or clear your throat.
- Do not drive until the sedative has completely worn off and you are fully awake.
- If you had to stop medications before the procedure, ask your doctor when you can start again.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Coughing up more than a teaspoon of blood
- Severe nausea or vomiting
- Increased or unusual stridor, which is a noisy sound that is heard when breathing
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
American Thoracic Society http://www.thoracic.org
Canadian Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Explore bronchoscopy. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bron. Updated February 8, 2012. Accessed September 11, 2013.
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy. American Thoracic Society website. Available at: http://patients.thoracic.org/information-series/en/resources/fiberoptic-bronchoscopy.pdf. Accessed September 11, 2013.
Lung cancer screening. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated August 29, 2013. Accessed September 11, 2013.
Needle biopsy of the lung. Radiological Society of America Radiology Info website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=nlungbiop. Updated August 5, 2013. Accessed September 11, 2013.
6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -