Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine
(MMR Vaccine; Measles Vaccine; Mumps Vaccine; Rubella Vaccine)
What Are Measles, Mumps, and Rubella?
What Is the Measles, Mumps, RubellaVaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the 2 doses must be separated by at least 4 weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the MMR Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- People who are very sick
- Women who are planning to become pregnant or those who are pregnant
- People with immune system disorders—If you have HIV and are doing well, you should consider getting the vaccine. Measles can be fatal if you have HIV.
- People being treated with drugs that affect the immune system.
- People who have cancer or are being treated for cancer with radiation or drugs.
- People with a low platelet count should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
- People who have received another vaccine within the past 4 weeks.
- People who have had a recent transfusion or who have received other blood products should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
- Pregnant women—Avoid becoming pregnant for at least 1 month after getting the vaccine.
- Previous severe allergic reaction to the vaccine or its components.
What Other Ways Can Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Be Prevented?
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm. Published May 22, 1998. Accessed June 9, 2015.
Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 26, 2014. Accessed June 9, 2015.
MMR vaccine: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mmr.pdf. Updated April 20, 2012. Accessed June 9, 2015.
5/27/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Measles—United States, January—May 20, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60(20):666-668.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 08/27/2014 -