Squamous Cell Carcinoma
(Skin cancer-Squamos Cell)
|Squamous Cell Carcinoma|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- History of radiation or ultraviolet light treatment
- Childhood sunburns , freckling, or long periods of sun exposure
- A personal history of skin cancer
- A family history of skin cancer
- Blonde or red hair
- Blue or green eyes
- Fair skin that rarely tans
- Treatment that suppresses the immune system, such as such as having an organ transplant
- Frequent use of tanning beds
- Exposure to cancer causing chemical such as arsenic, tar, or some insecticides
- Being a smoker
- Past infection with human papillomavirus (HPV)
- A raised red patch that is scaly or rough
- A raised patch of skin that may appear to have horn-like rough edges
- In color, the patch may be reddish, pink, flesh-colored, or reddish-brown
- A long-standing sore that will not heal with simple at-home treatment
- Mohs micrographic surgery—microscopic surgery that offers the best cure rate for squamous cell carcinoma
- Removing the growth with simple surgery
- Plastic surgery to repair any cosmetic problems that occur after treatment
- Freezing the growth off with liquid nitrogen
- Laser treatment
- Radiation therapy
- Photodynamic therapy in which the cells absorb an acid that causes them to die when exposed to light
- Creams, especially fluorouracil or imiquimod
- Avoid spending too much time in the sun.
- Avoid exposing your skin to the sun between 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM standard time, or 11:00 AM to 3:00 PM daylight saving time.
- Protect your skin from the sun with clothing. Wear a shirt, sunglasses, and a hat with a broad brim.
- Use broad-spectrum (UVA and UVB) sunscreens with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more on skin that will be exposed to the sun.
- Use a protective lip balm.
- Wear sunglasses with 99% to 100% UV absorption to protect your eyes.
- Don't use sun lamps or tanning booths.
- Get regular full-body skin exams by a dermatologist. The doctor will check for moles, freckles, and other growths.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
American College of Mohs Micrographic Surgery http://www.mohscollege.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Alberta Provincial Cutaneous Tumour Team. Prevention of skin cancer. Edmonton (Alberta): CancerControl Alberta; 2013 Feb. 27 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. CU-014). Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=48130#Section420. Accessed February 25, 2015.
Jerant A, Johnson J, et al. Early detection and treatment of skin cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Jul 15;62(2):357.
Saraiya M, et al. Preventing skin cancer. MMWR. 2003 Oct 17;52(RR15):1-12. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5215a1.htm. Accessed February 25, 2015.
Squamous cell carcinoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2015. Accessed February 25, 2015.
Squamos cell carcinoma. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/skin-conditions/dermatology-a-to-z/squamous-cell-carcinoma. Accessed February 25, 2015.
Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/media-resources/stats-and-facts/prevention-and-care/sunscreens. Accessed February 25, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 10/20/2014 -